Status quo and experience of innovation driven development of CHN Shendong Coal Group
国能神东煤炭集团有限责任公司（以下简称“神东公司”）是国家能源集团的骨干煤炭生产企业，在煤炭安全高效开采、国产高端装备制造、智能化矿井建设、安全管理模式创新与绿色低碳创新等方面取得了显著成就，引领了全国煤炭企业的科技创新，在综采采高、矿井人均工效、矿井长周期安全管理与亿吨矿区管控中心建设等方面创造了多个世界第一。系统介绍了神东公司在科技管理、创新平台、协同创新、人才队伍、知识产权、标准体系与科技成果等方面的进展，总结了神东公司创新驱动体系及螺旋加速上升的科技创新通道。在采掘技术创新与实践方面，梳理了一次采全高综采采高从 6.3 m 逐步提高到 8.8 m 的技术突破，介绍了浅埋坚硬特厚煤层上分层综采下分层综放的采煤工艺，梳理了薄煤层等高开采关键装备、技术及面临的技术问题，分析了短壁机械化全部垮落法的技术适应性及无煤柱开采方法的技术实践；介绍了快速智能掘进成套系统及掘锚一体化关键技术，提高了掘进效率，解决了“采掘失衡”的矛盾。在国产高端装备研发与应用方面，介绍了神东公司在世界首个 8.8 m 超大采高综采工作面装备配套方面取得的突破性成果，分析了国内首套纯水液压支架面临的技术难点与创新途径，解析了6000m可伸缩单点驱动带式输送机在整机降阻、张紧控制与智能变频驱动等技术方面的突破，总结了研发世界首套双百吨重载搬运车突破技术障碍的经验，列举了把新能源矿用电动车应用到井下所实现的技术创新。在智能化矿井建设方面，针对采煤工作面智能化面临智能割煤、跟机拉架方面的问题，总结了神东公司在采煤工作面智能化建设过程中实现的技术革新；梳理了智能化选煤厂“从无到有”的拓荒之旅；研究了我国首个国产煤矿井下操作系统——矿鸿的关键技术核心与推广应用价值；解析了我国首个亿吨矿区数字化集中管控平台建设使用的集成技术，介绍了 13 种井下智能机器人创新与实践。在安全管理技术与实践方面，创建了“135”工作法安全风险管控管理体系，实现了千万吨矿井超长的安全生产周期；搭建了神东公司矿压控制体系与矿压动态高效预警智能云平台，形成了神东矿区特有的矿压控制技术体系；介绍了水、火和瓦斯灾害防治技术体系，保障了神东公司安全管理体系的建设。在绿色生态建设方面，介绍了神东公司在煤炭绿色发展和技术创新中的成就，阐述了在开展生态矿井、绿色矿山与清洁煤炭方面的技术实践，在贯彻黄河流域生态保护和高质量发展重大国家战略方面，介绍了神东先行示范区。通过对神东公司科技创新体系和创新成果的总结，探讨了煤矿未来科技发展思路，明确了其在科技创新体系与重大科技攻关方面的发展方向。
CHN Shendong Coal Group Co.,Ltd (hereinafter referred to as “Shendong Company”) is the backbone coal production enterprise of the China Energy Group. It has made remarkable achievements in safe and efficient coal mining, domestic high-end equipment manufacturing, intelligent mine construction, safety management mode innovation and green ecological low-carbon, leading the scientific and technological innovation of the China coal enterprises, it has created many world firsts in the aspects of fully mechanized mining height, per capita work efficiency of the mine, long-term safety management of the mine and the construction of a hundred million ton mining area management and control center. This paper systematically introduces the progress of Shendong Company in science and technology management, innovation platform, collaborative innovation, talent team, intellectual property rights, standard system and scientific and technological achievements, and summarizes the innovation driving system of Shendong Company and the scientific and technological innovation channel of spiral acceleration. In terms of mining technology innovation and practice, this paper combs the technical breakthrough of Shendong Company in gradually increasing the mining height of full height fully mechanized mining from 6.3 m to 8.8 m, the mining technology of fully mechanized mining in the upper layer of shallow hard and extra thick coal seams and upper layer fully mechanized mining lower layer fully mechanized caving was introduced, the technical problems, key equipment and technologies faced by equalheight mining were sorted out, and the technical adaptability of short wall mechanized full caving method and the technical practice of non pillar mining method were analyzed; this paper introduces the complete set of fast intelligent tunneling system and the key technology of tunneling anchor integration, which improves the tunneling efficiency and solves the contradiction of “Imbalance in mining and excavation”. In terms of research, development and application of domestic high-end equipment, this paper introduces the breakthrough achievements made by Shendong Company in the equipment matching of the world's first 8.8 m super large fully-mechanized mining face, and analyzes the technical difficulties and innovation approaches faced by the first set of water hydraulic support in China, this paper analyzes the breakthroughs of 6 000 m retractable single point drive belt conveyor in the research of resistance reduction technology for the whole machine, tension control and intelligent frequency conversion drive technology, summarized the experience of developing the world's first double hundred ton heavy haul carrier to break through technical barriers, and enumerates the technical innovation achieved by applying new energy mining electric vehicles to the underground. In the aspect of intelligent mine construction, in view of the problems faced by intelligent coal cutting and machine following rack in the face of intelligent coal mining face, the technical innovation realized by Shendong Company in the process of intelligent coal mining face is summarized; sorted out the pioneering journey of intelligent coal preparation plant from scratch; for the first domestic coal mine operating system in China: Mine Harmory operating system, the key technology core and the value of popularization and application are analyzed; this paper analyzes the integrated technology used in the construction of the first 100 million ton mining area digital centralized management and control platform in China, and introduces the innovation and practice of 13 kinds of underground intelligent robots. In terms of safety management technology and practice, this paper has established the “135” work method safety risk management and control management system, which has realized the ultra long safety production cycle of ten million tons of coal mines; the mine pressure control system of Shendong Company and the intelligent cloud platform for dynamic and efficient early warning of mine pressure have been established, forming the unique mine pressure control technology system of Shendong Mining Area; and introduces the technical system of water, fire and gas disaster prevention, which ensures the construction of safety management system of Shendong Company.In the aspect of green ecological construction, this paper introduces the achievements of Shendong Company in the green development and technological innovation of coal, expounds the technical practice in the development of ecological mines, green mines and clean coal, and introduces the Shendong Pioneer Demonstration Area in the implementation of the major national strategy of ecological protection and high-quality development in the Yellow River Basin. By summarizing the scientific and technological innovation system and innovation achievements of Shendong Company, this paper probes into the thinking of the future scientific and technological development of coal mines, and clarifies the development direction of its scientific and technological innovation system and major scientific and technological breakthrough.
CHN Shendong Coal Group； mine harmory operating system； ten million tons of mines group； 8.8 m full mining height； heavy duty working face； centralized control center of hundred million tons mining area； long period safety management of mine； pure water h