• 论文
主办单位:煤炭科学研究总院有限公司、中国煤炭学会学术期刊工作委员会
矿山钻孔垂直救援技术的思考及发展趋势
  • Title

    Considering and development trend of vertical rescue technology for mining drill hole

  • 作者

    肖明国张彪林中湘朱泽斌周博郑学召黄渊

  • Author

    XIAO Mingguo;ZHANG Biao;LIN Zhongxiang;ZHU Zebin;ZHOU Bo;ZHENG Xuezhao;HUANG Yuan

  • 单位

    国家矿山应急救援大地特勘队北京大地高科地质勘查有限公司中煤地质集团有限公司西安科技大学 安全科学与工程学院国家矿山救援西安研究中心

  • Organization
    The Dadi Special Exploration Team of National Mine Emergency Rescue
    Beijing Dadi Hi Tech Geological Exploration Co., Ltd.
    China Coal Geology Group Co., Ltd.
    College of Safety Science and Engineering, Xi’an University of Science and Technology
    Xi’an Research Center of National Mine Rescue
  • 摘要

    矿山钻孔垂直救援技术是一种快速高效的矿井应急救援手段,在以往矿山事故救援中起着关键性作用。阐释了矿山钻孔垂直救援技术原理,得出该技术具有远距离、高效率以及非接触式等优势;归纳分析了王家岭煤矿透水事故、山东平邑石膏矿事故的主要救援经过和主要成功要素。对现有的快速成孔方法和人员定位探测技术的局限性展开了一定的思考,展望了钻孔垂直救援技术的发展前景,指出未来我国矿山钻孔救援技术研究的重点研究方向主要包括:打造长距离、高精度、高效率的灾变矿山井下被困人员定位系统,深入研究矿山钻孔救援的快速精准安全成孔技术与灾变矿山井下穿墙探测技术,完善矿山钻孔救援方案,普及救援求生知识。

  • Abstract

    Mine borehole vertical rescue technology is a fast and efficient means of emergency rescue in mines, which plays a key role in previous mine accident rescue. The principle of mine borehole vertical rescue technology is explained, and the advantages of this technology, such as long distance, high efficiency and non-contact, are analyzed. The main rescue process and main success factors of Wangjialing Coal Mine water inrush accident, Pingyi gypsum mine accident and Qixia Hushan gold mine accident are summarized and analyzed. Some thoughts on the limitations of existing rapid hole-forming methods and personnel positioning detection technologies are presented, and the development prospects of borehole vertical rescue technology are prospected. It is pointed out that the main research directions of mine borehole rescue technology in China in the future include: building a long-distance, high-precision and high-efficiency positioning system for trapped personnel in disaster-stricken mines, studying the rapid and accurate safe hole-forming technology and wall-penetrating detection technology for mine borehole rescue, improving the mine borehole rescue plan, and popularizing the knowledge of rescue and survival.

  • 关键词

    钻孔垂直救援事故分析高效成孔穿墙探测应急救援

  • KeyWords

    borehole vertical rescue;accident analysis;efficient hole-forming;wall penetration detection;emergency rescue

  • 基金项目(Foundation)
    国家自然科学基金资助项目(52174197);国家重点研发计划资助项目(2018YFC0808201);国家安全生产应急救援中心揭榜攻关资助项目(JBGGRW-2022-19)
  • DOI
  • 引用格式
    肖明国,张彪,林中湘,等. 矿山钻孔垂直救援技术的思考及发展趋势[J]. 煤矿安全,2024,55(4):245−250.
  • Citation
    XIAO Mingguo, ZHANG Biao, LIN Zhongxiang, et al. Considering and development trend of vertical rescue technology for mining drill hole[J]. Safety in Coal Mines, 2024, 55(4): 245−250.
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